Belief in the Angels and Jinn

Belief in the Angels and Jinn

Angel

Created before human.

And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth.” They said: “Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, – while we glorify You with praises and thanks (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You.” He (Allah) said: “I know that which you do not know.” (Al Baqarah 2:30)

Number of angels : No one knows

Prophet pbuh said : hell will be pulled on the day of judgement with seventy thousand ropes, each ropes held by seventy thousand angels. (Muslim from Ibn Mas’ood)

Created from light and have wings:

All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the (only) Originator (or the (only) Creator) of the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels messengers with wings, – two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Verily, Allah is Able to do all things. (Faathir 35:1)

Prophet said : The angels were created from light, the jinns were created from dark flames of fire and Adam was created from that which has been described to you (in the Quran) (Muslim)

They never disobey Allah

O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded. (At Tahrim 66:6)

They do not eat

And verily, there came Our Messengers to Ibraheem (Abraham) with glad tidings.They said: Salam (greetings or peace!) He answered, Salam (greetings or peace!) and he hastened to entertain them with a roasted calf. But when he saw their hands went not towards it (the meal), he felt some mistrust of them, and conceived a fear of them. They said: “Fear not, we have been sent against the people of Lout (Lot).” (Huud 11:69-70)

Names of Angels

We are required to believe in the names of angels that have been mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah. These includes:
– Gabriel (Jibreel in Arabic),
– Michael (Mikaa’eel),
– Israfeel,
– Malik – the gatekeeper of Hell,
– Munkar and Nakeer,
– Haarut and Maarut and others.

Case Study:
We say that angels do not sin. How about verse 2:102?

They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaiman (Solomon). Sulaiman did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Haroot and Maroot, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, (Al Baqarah 2:102)

Answer: Sin in the sight of Allah is by disobeying Allah. Thus they do what Allah as to do, and teaching people magic is merely a test for humankind.

Jinn

1. Allah created jinn from smokeless flame of fire

And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame of fire. (Al Hijr 15:27)

2. Jinn created to worship Allah

“And I have not created neither jinn nor humans, except to worship Me Alone.” (Adz Dzaariya 51:56)

3. Have good and evil jinn

There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups each having a different way (religious sect, etc.). (Al Jin 72:11)

4. Iblees is from among the jinn

And (remember) when We said to the angels; “Prostrate to Adam.” So they prostrated except Iblees (Satan). He was one of the jinns; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord. (Al Kahfi 18:50)

5. Ash-Shaytan is enemy of mankind

Surely, Shaitan (Satan) is an enemy to you, so take (treat) him as an enemy. (Faathir 35: 6)

6. Shaytan – can be evil jinn or human

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies – Shayatin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). (Al An’am 6:112)

7. Curing possession by jinn

Read Al-Fatihah, Al –Ikhlas, Al-Falaq, An-Nas, Ayatul Kursi, Al Bakarah.

Case Study:
How can the Jinn be punished with fire when they are created from it ?

Answer: Created from fire does not mean are fire. We are created from soil but not soil

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